Practice of Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.The "Practice of Medicine" found its name from the custom of administering called "Medicines." On more than one occasion this idea has found direct expression, or has been sustained by implication, by persons intelligent and learned enough to occupy judicial positions.
Its focus is the patient, defined as a fellow human seeking help because of a problem relating to his or her health. From this emerges the comment that for medicine as an art, its chief and characteristic instrument must be human faculty.Assessing, diagnosing, treating, reporting or giving advice in a medical capacity, using the knowledge, skills, attitudes and competence initially attained for the MB ChB degree (or equivalent) and built upon in postgraduate and continuing medical education (CME), wherever there could be an issue of public safety.
"Practice of Medicine" goes wider than clinical medicine to include teaching, research,medical or health management, in hospitals, clinics, general practices and community and institutional contexts, whether paid or voluntary.Part of the art of clinical medicine may lie in these areas, but not exclusively so: the art is not just practical performance. I want to suggest that the art and science of medicine are inseparable, part of a common culture. Knowing is an art; science requires personal participation in knowledge.Although physicians medical practice is not itself science, it is based on science and on training that is supposed to teach physicians to apply scientific knowledge to people in a rational way.